Today, our working world is characterised by changing and high demands, which can have a negative impact on the mental health of employees . In recent years, the negative effects have repeatedly led to a steady increase in the proportion of psychological stress .
In order to adapt, develop and maintain health and to cope adaptively with work demands, it is necessary and helpful to acquire a (psychological) resilience . Core elements are resilient behaviour and individual resources such as mindfulness, self-efficacy or optimism .
In the context of work, a rather vague definition of resilience has existed so far . Rather, a distinction is made between psychologically secure resistance at individual, team and organisational level [4,5].
Resilience at the individual level
Resilience at the individual level results in a successful handling of challenging situations  in order to manage personal crises adaptively . Combined with optimism, hope and self-efficacy, individual resilient behaviour leads to higher performance and job satisfaction .
Resilience at team level
The interaction between the team members is the most important factor here: The probability that employees in teams will recover more quickly from crises or threats increases when it is jointly recognised that there is a discrepancy between the job requirements and the respective resources .
Resilience at the organizational level
This level takes particular account of the “systematic development and promotion of individual and collective resources”, i.e. processes for crisis management and the creation of working conditions through resilient behaviour are at the forefront at the individual and team level .
Operational resilience management
The focus here is on strengthening and promoting team-related resources . Through a clear distribution of roles in the accomplishment of tasks  and a goal-oriented leadership of resilient teams , not only an understanding for critical and stressful situations and their early communication , but also for organisational structures and processes  can be created.
What can you do in practice?
No matter whether yoga, meditation or pleasure training – with the promotion of resilient behaviour you strengthen your psychological resistance in the long term. Especially in relation to your workplace, choose daily activities that you will be more attentive to in the future: If you have an office job, pay attention to how you sit on the chair. Do you feel your feet on the floor and your back on the backrest? Take a few seconds to do this and observe what and how you feel.
Your daily cup of coffee will also help you to be more attentive. Instead of drinking the coffee “just by the way” when you are sitting at your PC and maybe writing an e-mail, try the following next time: Stop for a moment and concentrate on the smell of the coffee and the taste of the first sip. What aromas do you perceive?
These situations may also seem familiar to you: You are in a conversation with a colleague and notice that you are not really on the ball. It may not be fast enough for you either and you may often interrupt him. Then try this exercise: Let your colleague speak until he is finished. Listen to him carefully and do not already think about what you would like to answer. In the beginning you will find it harder, but with a little practice you will find it easier to listen. Your colleague will be happy!
Through these wonderful, small exercises, which can be integrated super into your (working) everyday life, you come closer and closer to strengthening your mental resistance.
Identification of job-related charges by CompanyMood
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